Trigger Point Therapy

Trigger point therapy is also called myofascial trigger point therapy. It was developed by Dr. Janet Travell in the United States in the 1940s. Trigger points are areas of tenderness in a muscle. Trigger points are very common and are also referred to as muscle knots. They may be associated with myofascial pain syndromes or fibromyalgia.

Trigger point therapy is a bodywork technique that involves applying pressure to tender muscle tissue in order to relieve pain and dysfunction in other parts of the body.  Pressure is applied and held for 7 seconds or longer until the tenderness decreases or disappears. Massage and trigger point therapy are often performed together.

There are two basic types of trigger points: active and latent.

Active trigger points cause muscular pain and will refer pain and tenderness to another area of the body when pressure is applied. Latent trigger points only exhibit pain when compressed, they do not refer pain to other areas of the body. Latent trigger points are believed to be one of the causes of stiff joints and restricted range of old age.